Having a static IP address for a device on the home network is important when a device is providing services on the home network either locally or for the Internet. (port forwarding)
If you need devices on your home network to have static IP addresses then there are two approaches you can take. They are:
- Manually configure on the device
- Use DHCP
The tutorial setting up a static IP address on Windows 10 show you how to do this on your device and this will be your only option if you don’t have administrator access to your DHCP server.
You can also set up a static IP address on Linux devices,android and Iphone from the TCP/IP settings.
The windows 10 tutorial covers the settings and they are applicable to all systems.
Using DHCP for Static IP Addresses
Most home networks use DHCP provided by the home router and they all have the ability to allocate fixed or static IP addresses based on the client MAC address.
The screen shot below shows static IP addresses configured on my TP-link home router using address reservations.
Using DHCP to set static IP addresses is much more flexible and easier to manage than manual assignment and is the preferred approach.